I'm really struggling in trying to find an equation to describe this part it terms of surface area (material useage). Variables, as seen in the picture, are d1, d2, d3, and (a) angle. L1 is not a variable and neither is branch length, both can be calculated from the previous noted variables. Any help in figuring out an equation, or at minimum pointing me in the correct direction to get started would be much appreciated!

TVRU by MearnsQuail, on Flickr

TVRU by MearnsQuail, on Flickr

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