Let U1, U2, U3 be subspaces of R^4: U1 = {(a,b,c,d):a=b=c} U2 = {(a,b,c,d):a+b-c+d=0; c-2d=0} U3={(a,b,c,d):3a+d=0} show that: a) U1 + U2 = R^4; b) U2 + U3 = R^4; c) U1 + U3 = R^4; whish of the sums are direct sum?